Refraction (Bent Thinking) #77

Ignoring a Common Cause: when one concludes that one thing causes another simply because they are regularly associated. Refutation: Causation needs to be established by proof, not by association. Example – Aaron: “Bethany, the rate of theft in Iraq is low because the standards of punishment are so high. Side Note: Without statistical evidence, there is a better explanation: both the low theft rates and the high standards of punishment are results of a moral standard in the country that values property and despises theft. 

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